A report by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare found that while there is no specific cure for tuberculosis, many of the people with the disease are now at higher risk.
The research found that the number of cases of the disease is up, but the number is growing faster in remote areas.
In rural areas, where people live on the fringe of towns and towns on the border with Australia, the number was estimated to be 3.4 million.
Bridget Morgan from the National Centre for Disease Control and Prevention said people living in these remote areas were at higher risks for the disease.
“There are more cases in rural areas than in urban areas.
There is a higher risk of the person getting the disease if they are living in a small community, they live in a remote area, and they are in a more remote area,” Ms Morgan said.
But Ms Morgan is worried about the impact on communities and communities who live on farms, who have the greatest risk.
“In rural Australia, you have very small towns, which have a lot of people living there and people have very few contacts with each other,” she said.
“And you also have people living further out who are living on the edge of the city.
So if you have a community that is not as close to the centre of town, then you are at greater risk of TB.”
“We have seen in rural Australia a really significant increase in the number and severity of TB cases, particularly in areas where the people who are isolated in rural settings are very remote.”
A similar situation existed in NSW where the state recorded 7,000 cases of TB in 2017.
There are no specific treatments for the TB.
The only way to control the disease in the long term is for people to have contact with people who have it.
Mr Trebek, who runs the Central Queensland Research Centre, said people in remote communities had been living in isolation for too long.
“We’ve seen a significant increase, and that is likely to have an impact on the quality of life of those people,” he said.
“Because it’s been a really long time since they’ve had contact with each-other.”
The study found that a large proportion of people with TB live in remote rural areas.
But a major part of the problem is the stigma attached to the disease, which is a health and social issue.
“People are afraid of the word ‘TB’, and they’re afraid of what they are going to say, and so that is something that is really keeping people from getting treatment,” Mr Trebek said.
The report found that in rural Queensland, the disease was largely spread through the air, and many people living with the condition were unable to leave their homes for work or school.
It also found that people with tuberculosis have lower life expectancies than the general population, meaning people with a higher infection risk are at increased risk of premature death.